Winarno, Gunardi Djoko and Avenzora, Ricky and Basuni, Sambas and Bismark, Muhammad (2015) The Planning of Ecotourism Opportunities Spectrum of Elephant Related Ecotourism Activities on Sumatran Elephant Home Range in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park Province Lampung Indonesia. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 22 (2). pp. 130-148. ISSN 2307-4531


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Abstract Wildlife ecotourism has economical benefits and become important to be used as a strategy in conserving wildlife. One of the interesting animals that can be utilized as tourism object in Indonesia is wild elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) in National Park of Bukit Barisan Selatan (NPBBS). In fact, wild elephant is difficult to find, but the satisfaction level of wildlife ecotourism merely can be gained when the tourists successfully encounter the wild animals. Therefore, a design of Elephant Ecotourism Opportunities Spectrum (EEOS) in NPBSS is important to be made. The ecotourism scientific planning approach (Avenzora, 2008) has been used to identify the EEOS of the elephants population in Pemerihan and Way Haru Resorts. The GPS-collar technology used to detect the elephant moving pattern and home-range; as well as the Landsat Imagery TM-7 with Erdas Imagine was used to analyze the habitat characteristics. The design of EEOS was developed by mapping observed potentials into human-attracted points (Avenzora, 2013). The results of this study show that the total area of elephant home range is 15,301.20 Ha, which is equal to 32-folds of Camp Elephant Patrol (CEP) area that has been used as single focal point of elephant ecotourism for the last 6 years. Furthermore, a habitat-characters-based-EEOS design can improve the varieties of elephant tourism activities. Its quantity and quality are increasing into 30 varieties, which can be distributed in the home range for the whole year and improve the benefits of wild elephant ecotourism activities. Keywords: Sumatran Elephant; NPBBS; Ecotourism Scientific Planning.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Kehutanan
Depositing User: Gunardi Djoko Winarno
Date Deposited: 29 May 2017 08:11
Last Modified: 29 May 2017 08:11

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