Nidzam, Sulaiman and Hertanto, Hertanto and Rosyidi, Bakaruddin (2014) COMPETING MODELS IN POLITICAL COALITION ANALYSIS: SYSTEM OR TRANSACTIONAL? Jurnal Analisis Politik, 2 (1). pp. 11-30. ISSN 2089-2179

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Abstract Systems analysis is very popular in social sciences. The structural functionalism theory espoused by Parsons, Easton’s with political system, and Almond’s explanation on the role of individual politics through biological organism analogy. All these theories place emphasis on the importance of norms, roles, function, structure, law, coercion and equilibrium in the given system. Nevertheless, these models fail to explain the conduct of wrong-doers which are in conflict with norms, order and laws. In daily occurrences there are those who craftily circumvent the system in such a way that their actions are unnoticeable. Such individuals place their interests foremost even if they are in conflict with norms and order. Thus the transactional model tries to explain the conduct of such individuals who give emphasis on interest and opportunity at the expense of system. This study utilises the transactional model to analyse the formation and fragmentation of political coalition with reference to Malaysia and Indonesia. In this context, the transactional approach is more realistic in explaining political transformation. It also places the individual’s role in a more meaningful position by not merely being subjected to regulation and system. The individual is free to use their ability and thoughts in deciding the suitable outcome, opting for a rational choice and does not react like an ordinary member of society who is subjected to social coercion and norms. Individuals are consistently competing due to limited resources and have often to make the best choice from limited options available. Key words : System analysis, structural fungtionalism model, transactional model, political coalition, political transformation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: J Political Science > JC Political theory
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik (FISIP) > Prodi Ilmu Pemerintahan
Depositing User: HERTANTO
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2020 09:14
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2020 09:14

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