Chandra, Lima Silalahi and Lukmanul, Hakim and Herri, Gusmedi (2017) Studi Optimasi Penentuan Lokasi Penempatan Distributed Generation pada Sistem Distribusi Tiga Fasa dengan Metode Binary Linear Programming (BLP). ELECTRICIAN – Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Elektro, 11 (1). pp. 9-20. ISSN 25493442

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Studi Optimasi Penentuan Lokasi Penempatan Distributed Generation pada Sistem Distribusi Tiga Fasa dengan Metode Binary Linear Programming (BLP).pdf

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Abstract

Intisari--- Dalam sistem tenaga listrik, permasalahan rugi – rugi saluran serta jatuh tegangan sistem dapat diatasi dengan teknik Optimasi. Salah satu metode optimasi yang dapat digunakan yaitu Optimasi Penempatan Distributed Generation menggunakan metode Binary Linear Programming. Metode Binary Linear Programming yang digunakan mempunyai solusi berupa bilangan biner yaitu 0 atau 1. Bilangan 1 merepresentasikan adanya Distributed Generation yang di injeksikan ke sistem sementara 0 merepresentasikan tidak adanya Distributed Generation yang di injeksikan ke sistem. Distributed Generation merupakan salah satu teknologi pembangkit tersebar yang memiliki kapasitas kecil , berkisar belasan kilowatt (KW) sampai Megawatt (MW). Optimasi dilakukan untuk mencari solusi optimal lokasi penempatan dimana dalam solusi yang didapat mampu mengakomodir konstrain dalam sistem tenaga listrik, yaitu konstrain aliran daya, konstrain tegangan dan lainnya.Dalam penelitian ini optimasi dapat mengurangi rugi – rugi daya (losses power) jatuh tegangan (drop voltage) serta mengurangi injeksi daya (injection power) pada slack bus. Dibuktikan menggunakan case IEEE 34 bus serta menggunakan sebuah tipe Distributed Generation yaitu Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Diesel (PLTD) 1 phasa yang diinjeksikan kedalam sistem distribusi 3 phasa. Hasil penelitian didapat bahwa setelah dioptimasi tegangan pada kasus meningkat sesuai dengan standar nilai teganga 0.9 < V < 1.05 , rugi – rugi daya (losses power) menurun serta injeksi daya (Injection Power) pada slack bus menurun dibanding sebelum dioptimasi.Kata kunci--- Studi Optimasi – Lokasi Penempatan, Distributed Generation, Metode Binary Linear Programming. Abstract--- In the electric power system, losses power and voltage drop problems can be solved by optimization technique. One of the method of optimization that can be used is the Optimization Placement of Distributed Generation using Binary Linear Programming. Binary Linear Programming method that is used has two solutions, there are 0 or 1. Number 1 represents the Distributed Generation is injected into the system while 0 represents there is nothing of Distributed Generation injected into the system. Distributed Generation is one of dispersed generation technologies that has a small capacity, ranging from tens of kilowatts (KW) until Megawatt (MW). Optimization is performed to find the optimal solution placement location where the resolution is able to accommodate the constraints in the power system, which are power flow constraint, voltage constraint and others. In this research, optimization can reduce losses power, voltage drop, moreover reducing injection power on the slack bus. Proven by using case IEEE 34 buses and using one Distributed Generation, Single Phase Diesel Power Plant which is injected into the three phase distribution system. As the result of optimization , voltage on the case increase according to the standard voltage value ( 0.9 < V < 1.05), power losses declining and Injection Power on the slack bus after optimized is lower than before optimized.Keywords--- Optimization Study - Location Placement, Distributed Generation, Method of Binary Linear Programming.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik (FT) > Prodi Teknik Elektro
Depositing User: Herri Gusmedi
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2020 03:43
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2020 03:43
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/17476

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