Sianturi, Christine Yohana and Mayasari, Diana and Apriliana, Ety and Wijaya, Sofyan Mussabiq (2019) Faktor- faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Keaktifan Lanjut Usia (Lansia) Mengikuti Kegiatan Posyandu Lansia di Wilayah Puskesmas Rajabasa Indah. MEDULA, medicalprofession journal of lampung university, 8 (2). pp. 107-113. ISSN 2339-1227

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Abstract

Abstrak Usia lanjut usia (lansia) mengalami penurunan fungsi tubuh sehingga memiliki banyak masalah kesehatan. Salah satu upaya pemeliharaan kesehatan agar lansia dapat hidup sehat dan produktif adalah pos pelayanan terpadu (posyandu) lansia. Data cakupan pelayanan lansia di Bandarlampung merupakan capaian terendah kedua di Lampung. Persentase kunjungan di posyandu lansia di wilayah Puskesmas Rajabasa Indah pada tahun 2015 dan 2016 masih rendah dan mengalami penurunan dibandingkan tahun 2014. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan keaktifan lansia mengikuti kegiatan posyandu lansia di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Rajabasa Indah. Metode studi yang digunakan adalah penelitian observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Variabel bebas penelitian ini karakteristik sosiodemografi, jarak, dukungan keluarga, dukungan kader, pengetahuan dan sikap, dan variabel terikat adalah keaktifan lansia mengikuti kegiatan posyandu lansia. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan September-Desember 2016. Sampel dalam penelitian ini dipilih dengan teknik proportionate stratified random sampling dan berjumlah 96 orang yang dipilih secara acak dari 8 posyandu. Uji statistik yang digunakan chi square, dan fisher’s exact, dengan α= 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan antara pekerjaan (p=0,001, RR=1,86, 95%CI=1,97-123,36), dukungan keluarga (p=0,001, RR=2,30, 95%CI=3,43-24,60 ), tingkat pengetahuan (p=0,019, RR=1,83, 95%CI=1,52-2,20) dan sikap (p=0,039, RR=1,80, 95%CI=1,50-2,17) dengan keaktifan lansia mengikuti kegiatan posyandu. Faktor resiko yang berhubungan dengan keaktifan lansia mengikuti kegiatan posyandu adalah pekerjaan, dukungan keluarga, tingkat pengetahuandan sikap, dan faktor yang paling berpengaruh adalah dukungan keluarga dan pekerjaan. Kata kunci: Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan, Keaktifan Lansia, Posyandu Lansia. Factors Associated with Elderly’s Activeness in Attending Activities in Posyandu Lansia in Rajabasa Indah Region Public Health Center Abstract Elderly have decreased body functions to that they have many health problems. One of the health care efforts to maintain the elderly’s health and productivity is having an elderly integrated service center (posyandu lansia). Elderly service in Bandarlampung is the second lowest in Lampung. In 2015 and 2016, the visitation of posyandu lansia has decreased compared to 2014. This study was aimed to determine factors associated with the elderlys’s activeness in attending posyandu lansia’s activities in Rajabasa Indah public health center. This was a observational research with cross sectional approach. Independent variables were sosiodemographic characteristic, distance, family support, posyandu officers’ support, knowledge, and attitude, while the dependent variable was the elderly’s activeness in attending the activities of posyandu lansia. This research was conducted in September-December 2016. The sampling techniques used in this study was proportional stratified random sampling with 96 subjects. Data analysis used were Chi square and fisher’s exact with α=5%. The result showed there was an association between occupation (p=0,001, RR=1,86, 95%CI=1,97-123,36), family support (p=0.001, RR=2,30, 95%CI=3,43-24,60), knowledge (p=0.019, RR=1,83, 95%CI=1,52-2,20), and attitude (p=0.039, RR=1,80, 95%CI=1,50-2,17) with elderly’s activeness in attending posyandu’s activities. There was an association between occupation, family support, knowledge, and attitudes whereas gender, age, education, distance, and posyandu officers’ support are not related to the elderly’s activeness. The most related factors were family’s support and occupation. Keywords: Associated Factors, Elderly’s Activeness, Posyandu Lansia

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran (FK) > Prodi Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: dr. Diana Mayasari
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 05:08
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2019 05:08
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/16535

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