Rustiati, Elly L. and Priyambodo, Priyambodo and yulianti, yanti and Srihanto, Eko Agus and Saswiyanti, Enny and Krismuniarti, Elizabeth Devi and Asiyah, Siti and Candra, Dedi The Essential Contribution of Captive Sumatran Elephant in Elephant Training Center, Way Kambas National Park for Wildlife Genetics Conservation. In: International Conference on Biological Sciences, 10-11 October 2019, Yogyakarta. (Unpublished)

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Way Kambas National Park is home of five protected big mammals; malayan tapir sunbear, sumatran tiger, sumatran rhinoceros and sumatran elephants. It also has a unique characteristic which share its border with 22 of 37 villages surrounding the national park. Understanding their existence in the wild is a priority, and wildlife genetics is a crucially needed. Besides poaching and habitat fragmentation, wildlife-human conflict is one big issue especially with sumatran elephants as they come across local people plants and settlements. Elephant Training Center (ETC) in Way Kambas National Park (WKNP) is built for semi in-situ conservation effort on captive sumatran elephants that mainly have conflict histories with local people. Through captive sumatran elephants, database and applicable methods are expected to be developed supporting the conservation of their population in the wild. Ongoing molecular identification was carried on captive sumatran elephants in ETC, WKNP under multiple year grant from the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, Indonesia. Based on whole blood-Cytochrome Subunit I gene sequence and cytological analyses, it showed that the captive sumatran elephants are closely related and tend to be domesticated. Translocation among ETC to avoid inbreeding, and maintaining the captive sumatran elephant as natural as possible are highly recommended. In the future, established genetic database can be a reference for both captive and wild sumatran elephant. Further study based on non-invasive methods is prepared for wild sumatran elephants.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: Mrs Elly Lestari Rustiati
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2019 11:02
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 11:02

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