Soemarwoto, Retno A S and mustofa, syazili (2019) THE EFFECTS OF ACTIVE AND PASSIVE SMOKING TO PREDICTED PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE AND OXYGEN SATURATION AMONG INDONESIAN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN (AGED 10–13 YEARS) IN BANDAR LAMPUNG, INDONESIA. In: Chest annual meeting 2019, New Orleans, 19 - 23 Oct 2019, New Orleans, US.

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THE EFFECTS OF ACTIVE AND PASSIVE SMOKING TO PREDICTED PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE AND OXYGEN SATURATION AMONG INDONESIAN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN (AGED 10–13 YEARS) IN BANDAR LAMPUNG, INDONESIA.pdf

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Official URL: https://journal.chestnet.org/article/S0012-3692(19...

Abstract

Smoking is a big problem in Indonesia (1). The treatment cost of smoking in Indonesia was very burdensome to state finances (2). Young smokers are increasing in Indonesia, the causes include following trends, and the desire to look impressive in front of a playmate with smoking behavior of primary school-age children (3). Infants and children exposed to environmental tobacco smoke are high risk of suffering asthma, respiratory infections, and reduced lung function (4). Although active and passive smoking have been correlated to changes in airflow and airway obstruction, correlation between active and passive smoking to peak expiratory flow and oxygen saturation in primary school children population has not been reported before. The objective of this study was to find out the effects of active and passive smoking to the value of predicted peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and oxygen saturation in the primary school children. In addition, based on the Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test on predicted PEFR value and oxygen saturation value of each group was found that the data were not normally distributed, so further data analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney Test.�Moreover, the statistical analysis showed a significant difference in mean predicted PEFR in the group of active smokers (88.47 SD ±11.647) to the control group 92.56 (SD ± 11.996) (P-value = 0.04) and the passive smoker group (87.81 SD ±11.056) to the control group (P-value = 0.01), while the active and passive smokers groups did not show significant difference in predicted PEFR (P-value = 0.683). We observed a significant lower value in predicted PEFR in the group of active smokers, and passive smokers compared to the control group (Table 2). In line with the oxygen saturation, the value in active smokers group (94. 76 SD 2.577) was significantly different compared to passive smokers (95.45 SD ± 2.509) and control group (95.92 SD ± 2.236), p = 0.000, whereas oxygen saturation in passive smokers group was not significantly different with control group, p =0.085 (Table 3). In this study, we can conclude that the value of predicted PEFR in primary school children active and passive smokers were significantly lower than control. In the case of oxygen saturation, the researchers found that there was significantly lower value in the active smoker group compared to control. It confirms that smoking both active and passive disrupts the children's airways.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran (FK) > Prodi Pendidikan Dokter
Depositing User: dr Syazili Mustofa
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2019 10:57
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 10:57
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/15771

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