Weng, Liping and Vega, Flora Alonso and Supriatin, Supriatin and Bussink, Wim and Van Riemsdijk, Willem H. (2011) Speciation of Se and DOC in soil solution and their relation to Se bioavailability. Environmental Science & Technology, 45 (1). pp. 262-267. ISSN 0013-936X

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21141820


A 0.01 M CaCl(2) extraction is often used to asses the bioavailability of plant nutrients in soils. However, almost no correlation was found between selenium (Se) in the soil extraction and Se content in grass. The recently developed anion Donnan membrane technique was used to analyze chemical speciation of Se in the 0.01 M CaCl(2) extractions of grassland soils and fractionation of DOC (dissolved organic carbon). The results show that most of Se (67-86%) in the extractions (15 samples) are colloidal-sized Se. Only 13-34% of extractable Se are selenate, selenite and small organic Se (<1 nm). Colloidal Se is, most likely, Se bound to or incorporated in colloidal-sized organic matter. The dominant form of small Se compounds (selenate, selenite/small organic compounds) depends on soil. A total of 47-85% of DOC is colloidal-sized and 15-53% are small organic molecules (<1 nm). In combination with soluble S (sulfur) and/or P (phosphor), concentration of small DOC can explain most of the variability of Se content in grass. The results indicate that mineralization of organic Se is the most important factor that controls Se availability in soils. Competition with sulfate and phosphate needs to be taken into account. Further research is needed to verify if concentration of small DOC is a good indicator of mineralization of soil organic matter.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Ilmu Tanah
Depositing User: Supriatin . Supriatin
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2017 01:31
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2017 01:31
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/1270

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