Riniarti, Melya (2019) Mangrove as green infrastructure. In: International Forum on Green Infrastructure Disaster Risk Reduction Management Related to Agriculture and Foirestry, 13-17 March 2019, Kyoto Japan.

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Abstract

Mangrove play an important role in climate change mitigation. The role of mangroves as the green infrastructure in protecting coasts against natural hazards such as storms, tsunamis and coastal erosion has been widely acknowledged. Reduced mangrove area will increase the threat to human safety and shoreline development from coastal hazards and also will reduce coastal water quality, reduce biodiversity, eliminate fish and crustacean nursery habitat, adversely affect adjacent coastal habitats, and eliminate a major resource for human communities that rely on mangroves for numerous products and services. Mangrove destruction can also release large quantities of stored carbon and exacerbate global warming and other climate change trends. With a coastline of approximately 81,000 km in length and 17,504 islands. Indonesia is home to the world's largest mangrove population, housing 22.6% of all mangroves on Earth. . Mangrove forests are found in many parts of Indonesia, with regionally important mangrove ecosystems located in Papua, Kalimantan and Sumatra. In three decades Indonesia has lost 40% of its mangroves, mainly as a result of aquaculture development. Of the existing 3.48 million mangrove areas, 52% are in critical condition. The Indonesian government seeks to improve this condition by creating a national strategy for managing mangrove ecosystems since 2012. Some of the activities carried out are rehabilitation, forest security, community empowerment, tourism management and silvofishery (combined the mangrove with aqua culture). With the abundant evidence of the ability of mangroves to face natural disasters, the integrated management of mangrove ecosystems is very necessary. Integrated mangrove management will maintain the function of mangrove as a green infrastructure.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Kehutanan
Depositing User: Dr Riniarti Melya
Date Deposited: 14 May 2019 08:29
Last Modified: 14 May 2019 08:29
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/12454

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