Evizal, Rusdi and Sugiatno, Sugiatno and Utomo, Setyo Dwi and Pujisiswanto, Hidayat and Widagdo, Setyo and Prasmatiwi, Fembriarti Erry and Stiawan, Aresta Dwi (2018) Growth Performance of Mature Trees Resulted from Intra and Inter-specific Grafting on Robusta Coffee. Planta Tropika Jurnal Agrosains, 6 (2). pp. 77-83. ISSN 0216-499X

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Abstract

To improve yield and cup quality, mature coffee tree as rootstock could be grafted with scion of selected genotype. This research aimed to study growth performance of mature trees resulted from intra and inter-specific grafting on Robusta coffee. The research was arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design with 3 replications. There were 12 treatments of entrees/under-stump genotype for coffee grafting including 8 treatments of intraspesific local Robusta/Robusta grafting and 4 treatments of interspecific coffee grafting of Robusta/Liberica and Arabica/Robusta. The results showed that intraspecific grafting of Robusta/Robusta, Robusta/Liberica, and Arabica/Robusta resulted in grafting mortality of 9.8%, 10.9%, and 24.8%, respectively. Until 28 weeks after grafting, branch growth variables were significantly affected by scion/rootstock of Robusta/Robusta, Robusta/Liberica, and Arabica/Robusta grafting. Grafted Arabica/Robusta coffee showed the poor growth performance. In second year of Robusta/Robusta and Robusta/Liberica growth, generative growth of cherry inflorescence per branch and number of cherries per inflorescence were not affected by scion and rootstock genotypes. Leaf and branch growth were very important variables correlating with other variables. Keywords: Coffee, Grafting, Intraspecific, Interspecific, Robusta

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Agroteknolgi
Depositing User: RUSDI EVIZ
Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 07:12
Last Modified: 08 May 2019 07:12
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/11656

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