Triyono, Sugeng and Haryanto, Agus and Telaumbanua, Marely and Dermiyati, - and Lumbanraja, Jamalam and To, Filip (2019) Cultivation of Straw Mushroom (Volvarealla volvacea) on Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Growth Medium. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. ISSN 2195-3228

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40093-019-0259-5

Abstract

Abstract Purpose The research aimed to study effects of size reduction and composting duration of EFB (Empty Fruit Bunches) on straw mushroom production, and to examine the doses of fertilizers commonly used among farmers. Methods The experiment was done in two stages. The first stage was for identifying optimum physical parameters of EFB, and the second stage focused on enhancing the performance of EFB chosen based on the findings of the first experiment. A Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3x3 factorial arrangement in both stages of the study used the same approach. The first stage had 3 levels of aggregate sizes factor (S) and 3 levels of composting duration factor (C) of EFB. The second stage had 3-levels of NPK factor (N) and 3 levels of organic fertilizer factor (O). Results Whole stalk EFB had the highest productivity of 2458.47±1015.23 g m-2. The supplementation of fertilizers increased EFB decomposition rate, productivity to 2950.24±208.50 g m-2, and nutritive values (particularly for protein content of 41.00±3.79%). Averaged BCE (Biological Conversion Efficiency) was also improved from 3.61±1.22 to 6.56±0.46%. Conclusions EFB did not need to be cut into smaller pieces, and should not be composted for more than 8 days, because there was a tendency to decrease yield. Supplemental fertilizers increased decomposition rates of EFB as well as yield and nutritive values of straw mushroom. The BCE can potentially be improved by increasing the dosages of fertilizers. Keywords: Agricultural waste management, Biological Conversion Efficiency, Controlled environment, Fermentation, Lignocelluloses, Microcontroller

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agricultural waste management, Biological Conversion Efficiency, Controlled environment, Fermentation, Lignocelluloses, Microcontroller
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Teknik Pertanian
Depositing User: DR.Ir.M.Sc Sugeng Triyono
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2019 08:15
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2019 08:15
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/11254

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