Nismah, Nukmal and Gina, Dania Pratami and Emantis, Rosa and Aprilia, Sari and Kanedi, Mohammad (2019) Insecticidal Effect of Leaf Extract of Gamal (Gliricidia sepium) from Different Cultivars on Papaya Mealybugs (Paracoccus marginatus, Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS), 12 (1). pp. 4-8. ISSN 2319-2380

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Insecticidal Effect of Leaf Extract of Gamal (Gliricidia sepium) from Different Cultivars on Papaya Mealybugs (Paracoccus marginatus, Hemiptera Pseudococcidae) (1).pdf

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Abstract

Polar extract of gamal leaves (Gliricidia sepium) from various cultivars in Lampung, Indonesia, is revealed to show insecticidal effect on various types of mealy bugs, but its effect on papaya meally bugs (Planacoccus marginatus) is not yet known. This study aims to determine the insecticidal effects of water extract formulation of gamal leaf powder from four different cultivars, namely Bandar Lampung (BL) cultivars, Pringsewu (PR), North Lampung (LU) and West Lampung (LB) against papaya mealy bugs. There were five formulation preapared namely Formula 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. Each formula is differentiated based on the LC 50 ratio of each cultivar extract (Mortality data were analyzed by probit analysis to determine LC50, then continued with Anara test and LSD test with SPSS 16.0 to determine the effectiveness of the formulation. The results showed that crude leaf extracts of gamal from LU, PR, LB, and BL cultivars can kill papaya mealy bugs with the LC 50-72 values of 0.033%, 0.090%, 0.184% and 1.818% respectively. The bioassay test of the fromulation showed a a mortality rate up 86.7%. Formula 1 is more effective than the other four formulas. Thus it can be concluded that the extract of gamal leaf water has the potential to be used as a natural insecticide. Keywords:mealybug, papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus, gamal, Gliricidia sepium

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (FMIPA) > Prodi Biologi
Depositing User: Dr Emantis Rosa
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2019 02:52
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2019 02:52
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/10938

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