Niswati, Ainin (2011) Soil Biodiversity Approach for Reducing Land Degradation. In: International Workshop on Environmental Protection and Regional Development, 21 February 2011, Yokohama National University.

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Indonesia is one of the most important areas of tropical forests worldwide that have great potential for the future development of agriculture. However, most of these soils have low inherent fertility and many have become degraded. Land degradation has been a problem because of its adverse impact on agronomic productivity, the environment, and its effect on food security and the quality of life. Factors affecting the degradation are agricultural activities, deforestation and removal of natural vegetation, over-exploitation of vegetation for domestic use, overgrazing, and industrial activities. Productivity of soil decrease because of lack of physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil. One of important approach that can be done is by biological management such as, utilization of plant biomass either as mulch or mixed into the soil, reduce tillage, cover crop, or crop rotation that can enhance soil biodiversity. Soil biota is powerful for many kind of agro ecosystem process such as chemical engineers, biological regulators, and ecosystem engineers. Moreover, soil biodiversity will service many things in below and above ground such as soil structure, soil organic matter and fertility, regulation of carbon flux and climate control, regulation of the water cycle, decontamination and bioremediation, pest control, and human health.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Ilmu Tanah
Depositing User: Prof Dr Ainin Niswati
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2016 08:23
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2016 08:23

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