Zulferiyenni, None and Widodo, Soesiladi E. and Kamal, Muhammad (2018) Chitosan and Plastic Wrapping Applications to Mangosteen Fruit of Stage III in Lengthening Fruit Shelf-Life and Maintaining High Fruit Qualities. In: The 5th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2018 (ICBioE 2018), September 14-21, 2018, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Mangosteen is a climacteric fruit that has a high respiration rate. Farmers commonly harvest the fruits when its rind color changes to reddish pink (stage III). Unfortunately, postharvest efforts on lengthening its fruit shelf-life and maintaining its high fruit qualities by applying fruit coatings are not documented. That is partly because its very thick rind is believed to function as a good physical barrier from water loss leading to fruit desiccation. The purposes of this research were to study the effects of postharvest applications of chitosan and plastic wrapping to mangosteen fruit of stage III in lengthening its fruit shelf-life and maintaining high fruit qualities. Treatment were arranged in a completely randomized design with treatments arranged in a factorial 3 x 2, consisted of chitosan (0, 1.25 and 2.5%) and plastic wrapping (without and with one-layer of the plastic wrapping). The results showed that (1) the application of chitosan significantly lengthened its fruit shelf-life by 4.17-8.50 days longer than the control, while its fruit qualities were mostly well maintained, with the best result was shown by 2.50% chitosan, (2) plastic wrapping significantly lengthened its fruit shelf-life by 4.11 days longer the control, with its fruit qualities were mostly unaffected, (3) the two treatments of chitosan and plastic wrapping were mostly not interacted with their significant individual effects were dominating. The best result was shown by the combination of 2.5% chitosan and one-layer plastic wrapping that was capable of lengthening significantly its fruit shelf-life by 13.34 days longer than the control with its fruit qualities were unaffected.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian (FP) > Prodi Agronomi dan Hortikultura
Depositing User: PROF. DR. SOESILADI E. WIDODO
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2018 17:32
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2018 17:32
URI: http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/id/eprint/10099

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