Modifying KWL Strategy In College And Analyzing Students' Reading Habit To Improve Reading Ability

Lusi Elisa, Ujang Suparman, Flora Flora


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk 1) memodifikasi model pengajaran membaca dengan KWL strategi (Know, Want to know, Learned) di perguruan tinggi, 2) menyelidiki peningkatan nilai siswa sesudah diajarkan dengan KWL strategi, 3) mengetahui aspek membaca yang paling meningkat sesudah diajar dengan menggunakan strategi KWL, 4) mengetahui apakah siswa yang mempunyai kebiasaan membaca yang baik juga memiliki kemampuan membaca yang baik pula. Penelitian ini dilakukan di STKIP Tunas Palapa Lampung Tengah. Pre-experiment based one one-group pretest- posttest design digunakan dalam penelitian ini. T-test digunakan untuk melihat perbedaan skor. Hasilnya adalah terdapat perbedaan dan peningkatan yang significant setelah diajar dengan menggunakan strategi KWL. Aspek membaca yang paling meningkat setelah di ajar dengan KWL adalah mengindentifikasi ide pokok. Siswa yang mempunyai kebiasaan membaca yang baik memiliki kemampuan membaca yang baik pula. Ini terjadi karena KWL  dapat meningkatkan schemata siswa yang sangat penting untuk diisikan di kolom Know.

The aims of  this research were to 1) modify  model of teaching reading by using KWL (Know, Want to know, Learned) strategy in college, 2)  investigate the significant improvement after being taught by KWL strategy, 3)  know the aspects of reading which is influenced the most and 4)  find out whether students who have good reading habit have good reading ability. The research was done at STKIP Tunas Palapa Central Lampung. Pre-experiment based on one-group pretest – posttest design was used in this research. T-test was used to see the improvement score. The results was there was significant improvement of  students’ reading ability. Aspect which was  influenced the most was identifying main idea. Students who had good reading habit had good reading ability as well. It happened because it could increase students’ schemata that was neccesary to be put in Know column.

Keywords: KWL strategy, reading comprehension, reading habit

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